These volumes span over 1,100 pages and list in detail archives held in what was then the Public Record Office London (now the National Archives in Kew). The catalogue covers two major groups of records. The first are diplomatic correspondence between England and Scotland or other interactions between these two sovereign states, their agents, officers and spies. The second are papers concerning the captivity and eventual execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Scotland, at this time, was as foreign a place as France to the English. It was difficult to get to and generally hostile. There are numerous papers concerning the regular border incursions and outright invasions by either side, as well as much on the religious convulsions spawned by the Protestant reformation.
These volumes are an essential source for the study of these islands insofar as Scotland and Scottish aristocrats were as much a meddler in Irish affairs, as England was in Scotland.
The calendar was produced by Markham John Thorpe, and published in 1858. For the study of Scotland it represents one of the more important archival resources available.
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Now this one is absolutely fascinating reading!
Treason, Murder, Tumult, Piracy, Forgery, Incest, Adultery, Fornication, Blasphemy, Crimes against religion and the state, Witchcraft.
Real cases described in detail.
"ALEXANDER BLAIR, taylor in Currie, was criminally prosecuted by his Majesty's Advocate for incest. The fact charged against him was, that he had carnal knowledge of one Catherine Windrahame, his first wife's half brother's daughter. And being admonished by the kirk to abstain from this connection, instead of yielding obedience, he fled to England with the woman, and there married her. The jury unanimously found him guilty, and the court ordained him to be beheaded,"
Work that one out!
This wonderful little book is full of information about the Clans and their tartans. But it goes further than this with short explanations about Gael language, Highland dress and how to wear it, Highland personal names and surnames and a separate section about female names plus a list of Clan septs and dependents (i.e. the clans with which they are connected) and designations of Highland Chiefs and families.
Each Clan's history is briefly described with colour illustrations of their tartans and notes about their badge and war cry!
A very large book with beautifully written description of every county, complete with some stunning illustrations.
By John Hill Burton D.S.L. Histographer-Royal for Scotland. William Blackwood & Sons. Edinburgh & London 1873.
This is the major work of John Hill Burton 1809-1881 Scottish Historian and Lawyer who originally published these volumes 1853-1870 appointed Historiographer Royal for Scotland in 1867.
CONTENTS INCLUDE: The Roman period, The unrecorded ages, The early races. Heathendom, Early Christianity, Union of the Scots and Picts, Macbeth's reign, Reign of Alexander I, The Church, Treaty of Falaise, Death of Alexander II, Maid of Norway, War of independence, Robert Bruce, House of Stuart, James I, II, III, IIII, Regency of Arran, The reformation, Queen Mary, Organisation of the church, Regency of Murray, Regency of Morton, James VI, Death of Queen Mary and the Spanish Armada, Union of the Crowns, Ecclesiastical affairs, Charles I, The Covenant, The Commonwealth, Charles II, James VII and the Revolution, The military history of the revolution, The union, Queen Anne, The insurrection of 1745-46.
Places well indexed and fully searchable.
Lord Cockburn, a Criminal Judge, as part of his work, rode around Scotland in "circuits", he began to note down cases of particular interest in diary form and this forms the basis of the CD. As well as details of the cases it gives you a good insight into the habits and thoughts of Judges in the early 1800s.
"It was altogether a shocking case, but his Lordship found out and debated upon this peculiar atrocity, that the woman he had killed was not his wife, but only his mistress, because as he explained if she had been your wife there might have been some apology for you, on account of the difficulty of getting quit of a wife in any other way. But this unfortunate woman being only your associate, you might have freed yourself from her whenever you chose. How Brougham (the accused) revelled over this discovery, that it was a less crime to murder a wife than to murder a mistress!"
In a series of letters to a friend Francis Douglas gives us a wonderful picture of the East Coast of Scotland, from Edinburgh to Cullen, visiting St Andrews and Aberdeen universities and describing the trades and manufacture of the large towns
An incredibly detailed history of the Pitcairn families of Fife from 1250-1809.
Apart from their topographical interest and importance in relation to the origin of many notable families in central Scotland, these records of the Abbey of Cupar must be regarded as of no ordinary historical value. Certainly no other work contains such ample details relating to Scottish husbandry and rural affairs during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
In these pages we learn how the Pre-Reformation clergy administered their estates, and otherwise conducted their affairs ; while in the various details is presented a portraiture of social and domestic life among that class of persons which then and long afterwards formed the bones and sinews of the nation.
Descriptions of the origins of Scottish place names
An account of the castles and towns in Angus and the Mearns at which Edward I resided during his subjugating tour through Scotland in 1296.
Also includes details of the families and possessions of the Barons, Churchmen and others who recognised the supremacy of England in 1291, 1296 and subsequently in 1303.
A wonderful record of hundreds of court decisions involving people from all over Scotland. A random example:
'Dugald Ferguson, Pursuer. Alex. McKenzie, Defender. June 15, 1815. Apprentice - Implied discharge of an indenture, by the master's failure to make any claim on it for a series of many years.
In May, 1796, Alexander McKenzie, a lad from the Isle of Skye, became bound by regular indenture, as an apprentice, for four and a half years, to John and Dugald Ferguson, coopers in Greenock.
The parties did not agree well; and in spring 1798, Ferguson, having found McKenzie on board an English vessel in the harbour of Greenock, had him apprehended and committed to gaol; and there he remained for some days.'
As the story unfolds we hear of McKenzie being press-ganged into the Navy, where he served with distinction, rising to the rank of lieutenant and serving at Trafalgar.
After his discharge McKenzie wrote to Ferguson to settle a small debt and was then pursued through the courts for seven years by his former master who wished to recover his 'losses'.
Happily the Lords found in favour of the poor lad from Skye who became a distinguished naval officer!
Reflections of Lord Alexander Saltoun, Advocate.
"I have been led into these reflections by frequently revolving in my mind the supposed disqualification (for it is not statutory) of the eldest sons of the peers of Scotland to elect or be elected from that country to parliament: a subject, which a late event in the House of Commons naturally recalls to the mind of all who are either particularly interested in the rights and privileges of that order, of men, or concerned, in general, in the preservation of that equal spirit of freedom and justice, which is the animating principle of the British government. On the occasion of such an event, it is not unnatural to take a general retrospect of the origin, progress, and present state of the parliamentary representation of Scotland; to trace the circumstances of the times by which the eldest sons of the great barons, or Peers of that country, came to be excluded from that privilege; to weigh the legality and the force of those decisions by which their exclusion has been effected; and to consider, whether their restoration to the privileges of their fellow citizens, would, at the present moment, be either inconsistent with the genius of our government, or with political expedience."
These two huge early volumes, published in the 1846 are a gazetteer of all places in Scotland. With a description of each town, village and hamlet and its location and facilities.
An excellent reference source for all with history and genealogy interests.
Sir George Nicholls, K.C.B
Late Poor Law Commissioner, and Secretary to the Poor Law Board
This excellent study covers the provision for the poor in Scotland from the middle ages through to the mid 1800s.
Sections include: Acts against beggars and vagrants, gypsies. Parochial chargeablity. Overseers of the poor, corrrection houses, treatment of the poor. Parish schools and the Unions. Amounts paid to the poor. Croftsmen, tenants. Emigration as the remedy, and lots more.
This beautiful set of six books, first published circa 1890, is a fantastically detailed topographical, biographical and historical account of every place in Scotland, from the tiniest Highland hamlet to the great cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. It also contains dozens of absolutely stunning maps and photographs.
A fabulous history of Scotland.
An excellent account of life in Scotland during the 1700s, and therefore of great interest to those with Scottish ancestors.
Originally published in London 1913 by MacMillan & Co., Ltd., this first edition of the Highways and Byways in the Border, is republished here on fully-searchable CD-Rom. Macmillan began publishing the Highways & Byways series in 1899 and by 1909 had completed almost twenty publications in the series, which extended across the length and breadth of England, Scotland and Wales, with one publication on Normandy and and another on Ireland. This highly popular series continued until the beginning of the Second World War. In May 2009 Pan Macmillan reissued a one-volume collection of the best of the Highways and Byways series offering a glimpse of the very best of Britain.
The original publication of the Highways and Byways in the Border contains more than 440 printed pages, including a map of of the English and Scottish borders, but alas not the route of the authors, brothers Andrew and John Lang, who chose, as other authors in the series did, to take many short trips from a number of central points. This edition also includes some 130 pen and ink illustrations by Hugh Thomson, providing as with all of the Highways and Byways series a wonderful mix of topography, local history and folklore, which perhaps more than ever allows the reader to rediscover parts of Britain that have long disappeared or have been forgotten.
Andrew and John Lang, together with Hugh Thomson undertook eighteen trips or excursion on which they reported in the Highways and Byways in the Border, the central points of which were: Berwick; Blackadder; Kelso; Jedburgh; Jed; Ale; Tweed; St. Boswells Green; Galashiels; Selkirk; The Etterick; Yarrow; Upper Tweed; Peebles; Broughton; Liddesdale; Kershopefoot and Bewcastle.
Much of the charm a vigour of the Highways and Byways series which has stood the test of time is down to the travellers and in the case of the Border this was no exception. Andrew Lang (1844-1912) was born at Selkirk and obtained a first in classics at Balliol College, Oxford; a prolific Scots man of letters, poet, novelist, literary critic and anthropologist, he is now best remembered as a collector of folk and fairy tales. Lang published in his lifetime more than seventy books and in the preface to this publication his brother wrote, that Andrew had perhaps an unrivalled knowledge of the memories, legends, ballads, and nature of the border, making him the ideal author for this contribution to the Highways and Byways series, which was published after his death. The Highways and Byways in the Border are replete with more than 130 pen and ink sketches by Hugh Thomson. Born in Coleraine in 1860, by 1883 Thomson had moved to London and had begun working as the illustrator for Macmillan. Amongst his many credits are the illustrations for more than 70 novels, including those of Jane Austen and by the time he drew the illustrations for the Highways and Byways in the Border Thomson was the most popular and successful illustrator of his time. Much of Thomson's work was purchased by Derry City Council and when originals of his pen and ink sketches come up for sale they command high prices and for this reason alone the many books in the Highways and Byways series illustrated by Thomson - which are the majority - are well worth purchasing and this edition is no exception, although Thomson was himself a little concerned about the accuracy of his work, writing that his sketches were taken in 1911 after a period of long drought when all of the rivers were exceptionally low.
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