Originally published in London 1908 by MacMillan & Co., Ltd., this first edition of the Highways and Byways in Hampshire, is republished here. Macmillan began publishing the Highways & Byways series in 1899 and by 1909 had completed almost twenty publications in the series, which extended across the length and breadth of England, Scotland and Wales, with one publication on Normandy and and another on Ireland. This highly popular series continued until the beginning of the Second World War.
The original publication of the Highways and Byways in Hampshire contains more than 450 printed pages recording the meandering routes taken by the book's author, and more than 90 pen and ink illustrations by Arthur B Connor, providing as with all of the Highways and Byways series a wonderful mix of topography, local history and folklore, which perhaps more than ever allows the reader to rediscover parts of Britain that have long disappeared or have been forgotten.
Much of the charm a vigour of the Highways and Byways series which has stood the test of time is down to the travellers and in the case of Hampshire this is no exception. There can be little doubt that Moutray Read had a deep affection for the county of Hampshire, declaring it to be "the most perfect of English Counties". With Southampton as a starting point much of the county was covered by the author on his travels and coupled with the copious illustrations this publication reintroduces the reader to the bygone charms of this county.
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Printed and published by Kelly & Co., in London in 1875, County Topographies: Hampshire contains in excess of 450 printed pages and includes an extensive section on the Isle of Wight. Republished here in fully-searchable digital format, topographical directories usually provide a plethora of fascinating local information on the areas on which they treat and this publication is no exception.
The general preface to this publication notes that the information contained therein was directly extracted from Kelly's recently published Post Office Directory for Hampshire, but was reissued in this form to meet the wishes of many who desired a publication on the county without the names and addresses of the inhabitants of the county. Hampshire, a county of some 1,032,105 acres with a population in 1871 of over 540,000 ranked at the time of the publication as one of the largest counties in England by population. Containing 351 Civil Parishes, 22 market towns and the City of Winchester, this county topography provides all of the details on all of the towns, villages, hamlets and liberties of Hampshire provided in Kelly's Directory, without the addition of residents. This entails detailed descriptions of principal buildings, geographical objects of interest, ecclesiastical divisions of the county with descriptions of all of the churches, cathedrals the value of the livings, parochial incumbents and patrons, principal seats, civil and local administration of the county with full information on county courts, districts fairs, markets, county hunts as well as communications such as rail and post.
For those unfamiliar with topographical directories such as this or indeed directories and gazetteers such as Kelly's Directory the treatment by this county topography on one of the many villages noticed serves to illustrate the general extent of the detail contained therein. Burghclere is described as a parish and village 3 miles south of Newbury station, 4 miles west from Kingsclere and 58 miles from London. Situated in the diocese and archdeaconry of Winchester and the rural deanery of Andover the parish contained two churches. The older of the two, that of All Saints, was completely restored in 1861 and its registers date from 1559. The newer, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, was built in 1838 and greatly enlarged under the patronage of the Earl of Carnarvon. The Living was a rectory with an annual value of £1,200, with a residence and glebe of 188 acres held by the Rev. Portal, domestic chaplain to the Earl. Petty sessions were held monthly at the 'Carnarvon Arms'. The place was probably a Roman Station, the soil mainly of wet gravel and principal crops of wheat, barley and oats grown on its 5,080 acres. With a population in 1871 of 765, the parish contained a number of gentlemen's seats and mansions, such as Adbury Park, the handsome manor of William Fox, J.P., one of the principal landowners in the parish, together with the Earl of Carnarvon. Beginning with the village and parish of Abbott's Ann and ending with the Yaverland, the parish and liberty on the Isle of Wight, the level of detail provided in the for each is commensurate with that given for Burghclere.
Republished here in fully-searchable digital format, Kelly's 1876 County Topography for Hampshire must appeal to anyone interested in the topographical description of this large and important county, its towns, villages and hamlets.
Hampshire was published in London in 1909 by Adam and Charles Black, noted as publishers of travellers guides. Containing over three-hundred pages of text by the Rev. Teleford Varley and over seventy-five illustrations by Wilfred Ball, Hampshire should really be subtitled: the history of a county from the earliest times to the present.
Presented in fourteen chapters and fully indexed, Hampshire, is introduced by the author as 'mother of movements and or men' detailing in a fascinating chapter the Saxon origins of the county before the arrival of the Romans and a description of the topography of the county. At this time Hampshire was dominated by the Great Weald Forest, known as the Andreadeswald by its Saxon occupants of which the Wolmer Forest, the New Forest, Savernake and Cranborne are surviving fragments. Many a Hampshire name recalls the past of the Andreadeswald and the counties Saxon lords such as Wolmer - Wolves mere - recounting in the author's words what 'a savage district' this formerly was.
A not insubstantial portion of Hampshire is given over to its Roman history for they left their indelible marks throughout the county and in Silchester and to a lesser extent Winchester - Venta Belgarum - the county boasts some of the finest Roman antiquities in the country, and in Silchester's case the almost undisturbed English Pompeii. Some three chapters of Hampshire are given over to the development of Winchester and its historical college. Further chapters are devoted to the areas associated with famous literary figures such as Jane Austen, Charles Kingsley and Gilbert White and the history, topography, geology and geography of each.
Other areas of interest in Hampshire include histories of the New Forest, the Test Valley, Romsey and the Avon Valley, each of which are accompanied by Wilfred Ball's illustrations. Perhaps of even more significance are the author's observations on the developments of Hampshire as a maritime county and to illustrate this significance ample account is given over to the histories of the counties dominant marine settlements of Portchester, Southampton and Portsmouth. Varley gives fascinating insights into the piecemeal developments of Portsmouth in particular, which was derived from the various marine necessities dictated by naval architecture and states that if one set out to find beauty in Portsmouth this could be found aplenty.
Hampshire should appear to anyone with an interest in the county, its origins and importance as the gateway of invaders and merchants alike. Of equal import are descriptions of the coastal cities of the county before they were irrevocably changed by the ravages of the WWII and the subsequent urban development of the likes of Portsmouth and Southampton.
The original text is fully-indexed and this republished digital version of Hampshire is fully-searchable.
Published in 1892 and written by T. W. Shore this book covers the history of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. It begins with prehistoric Hampshire and winds it's way through Hampshire's history up to later medieval times with a conclusion describing the state of Hampshire around 1891.
Full of detail and easy to read.
The original Gentleman's Magazine contained articles on a vast array of subjects, including lots of wonderful topographical pieces.
In 1891 George Gomme republished all of these topographical articles but edited and indexed them into county specific order. Each of Gomme's works contains between two and four separate counties, except for the London volumes.
An absolute goldmine of information about the county, its people and its places.
This is one of the most important resources that we have seen, and one that should be of great interest to all family historians. Published in 1772 it was the handbook of the duties and responsibilities of the Parish Officer.
It includes the duties of the overseers of the poor, the power in relieving, employing and settling, etc. of poor persons; the laws relating to the poor, and settlements, and the statutes concerning masters and servants. The right of Settlement was something that was of great concern to all of our ancestors. Basically, to be able to have right of settlement in a parish, one had to be born there, married there or serving an apprenticeship there. Proof was all-important, especially if a person became destitute and needed support from the parish. Parish officers would have people literally evicted and transported to another parish under such circumstances. What happened about bastardy? What obligations does an apprentice have to his master and vice-versa? This book describes it all, together with the supporting laws.
Other sections of the book include the authority and duty of constables, tithingmen, etc.; churchwardens, how they should be chosen, their duties, church accounts, repairing of churches, etc. There are some very interesting punishments for not attending church and keeping to the rules! There is a section on surveying the highways, Scavengers, methods of taxation of the highways, and laws. And finally, the duties and powers of Watchmen.
This is one book from a series of very rare volumes published in 1805 entitled "The Beauties of England and Wales". This volume, for Hampshire and Isle of Wight, describes the county, its history & antiquities, and places in great detail.
It also contains some exquisite engravings of places of interest.
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