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Census Reports 1851-1911: County Westmeath Census Reports 1851-1911: County Westmeath

Ref: IE0333
ISBN: 1-84630-540-3

Government census taking began in the early nineteenth century in Ireland. The first, and partial, census was carried out in 1813. This was followed in 1821 with the first complete countrywide census on 28 May. A new census was taken every 10 years after this date, up to 1911. The census for 1921 was never carried out because of the disarray caused by the War of Independence. Censuses for what is now the Republic of Ireland began in 1926.

The aim of the census was to understand the size and make-up of the Irish population to better inform government policy. As a consequence the range of questions asked, and information gathered, in each of the census returns 1821-1911 varied. In general they got progressively more detailed as new issues were felt important enough to analyse statistically.

The majority of Irish census returns from the nineteenth century were destroyed. The 1861-91 census returns were officially destroyed in their entirety, partly because of paper shortages at the outbreak of the World War in 1914. Earlier returns (1813-51) were mostly destroyed with the destruction of the Public Record Office at the outset of the Civil War in 1922.

But the statistical results from all these census returns were compiled into tables and printed for circulation among civil servants and politicians. From 1851 to 1911 these statistical tables and accompanying analysis were printed in a volume for each county for each year. It is these county reports that are reproduced here on CD-ROM or digital download.

Initially these tables recorded the numbers, ages and gender of the population by townland, civil parish and barony. These figures are important as they describe the changing circumstances of each district in Ireland and provide contextual information for family and social history. The reports usually list the change in population over the previous 10 years, so at a glance you can see the impact of the Famine in the 1851 reports. From 1871 the information gathered increased dramatically, and tables of statistics concerning "conjugal condition" (i.e. marital status), occupation, location of birth, disability, religious profession, education, emigration and foreigners appear.

The reports are far more than dry statistical tables. With this information the experience and composition of a townland can be tracked over the decades. Families and individuals were part of a wider townland community, and knowing that history can help researchers assess the social environment of a family. This provides essential background and context for any family history.

This collection of official census reports for County Westmeath includes the following years: 1851, 1861, 1871, 1891 and 1911. Together these reports come to 368 pages. 


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Census Reports 1851-1911: DOWNLOADS

Below you can buy and immediately download each of the seperate reports contained in the CD publication above.

Census Reports: County Westmeath 1851 (DOWNLOAD) Census Reports: County Westmeath 1851 (DOWNLOAD)

Ref: IE0328
ISBN: 1-84630-535-7
Download the 1851 Census Report for County Westmeath containing 32 pages (4,026KB)

This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item. 


Price:   €4.05 (€4.98 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Census Reports: County Westmeath 1861 (DOWNLOAD) Census Reports: County Westmeath 1861 (DOWNLOAD)

Ref: IE0329
ISBN: 1-84630-536-5
Download the 1861 Census Report for County Westmeath containing 32 pages (4,052KB)

This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item. 


Price:   €4.05 (€4.98 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Census Reports: County Westmeath 1871 (DOWNLOAD) Census Reports: County Westmeath 1871 (DOWNLOAD)

Ref: IE0330
ISBN: 1-84630-537-3
Download the 1871 Census Report for County Westmeath containing 90 pages (9,826KB)

This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item. 


Price:   €4.88 (€6.00 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Census Reports: County Westmeath 1891 (DOWNLOAD) Census Reports: County Westmeath 1891 (DOWNLOAD)

Ref: IE0331
ISBN: 1-84630-538-1
Download the 1891 Census Report for County Westmeath containing 91 pages (9,773KB)

This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item. 


Price:   €4.88 (€6.00 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Census Reports: County Westmeath 1911 (DOWNLOAD) Census Reports: County Westmeath 1911 (DOWNLOAD)

Ref: IE0332
ISBN: 1-84630-539-X
Download the 1911 Census Report for County Westmeath containing 123 pages (11,144KB)

This title is a DOWNLOAD title only. Consequently there is no postage charge. Just follow the LINK ON THE RECEIPT after you have completed payment to get the file. You will have 24 hours to download this item. 


Price:   €5.70 (€7.01 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



The Agricultural Labourer: Ireland: Part 1 (1893) The Agricultural Labourer: Ireland: Part 1 (1893)

Ref: IE0027
ISBN: 1-84630-120-3
Number of Pages: 133
File Size: 57 Mb
Availability: Download or CD
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The Royal Commission on Labour commissioned the reports into the conditions of the Agricultural Labourer in the Poor Law Unions of Ireland, which were carried out primarily in the 1890s. The reports mirrored a survey that was carried out in England previous to the Irish reports. The results, particularly for many of the Poor Law Unions in the West of Ireland were shocking. They painted a picture that had changed little since the famine for the agricultural labourer. The report covered the issues of Supply of Labour, the Conditions of Engagement, Wages and Earning, Cottage Accommodation, Gardens, Benefit Societies, Trade Unions, General Relations and General Conditions.

The areas covered in this particular report are the Poor Law Unions of Cookstown (Co. Tyrone), Ballyshannon (Counties Donegal, Fermanagh and Leitrim), Ardee (Counties Louth and Meath), Downpatrick (Co. Down), Clones (Counties Monaghan and Fermanagh), Letterkenny (Co. Donegal), Limavady (Co. Derry), Ballymena (Co. Antrim), Castleblayney (Counties Armagh and Monaghan), Dromore West (Co. Donegal) and Ballymahon (Counties Longford and Westmeath). Because of the geographical spread covered the results vary with Limavady, Downpatrick, Ballymeena and Cookstown classed as good; Ballymahon, Ballyshannon and Dromore West as poor. In some cases the cottages were little more than mud cabins, which may have had up to 8 people living in them. However, this can be contrasted with areas that give very "favourable accounts". Each report is accompanied by detailed statistical returns as well as comments by several of the leading gentlemen of the area. Information was also collected from the labourers themselves, and often their condition is described in some detail, giving their name, address and other personal details. Common themes throughout the reports are the decreasing number of labourers owing to emigration and the lack of winter work. In cases where the conditions were poor much of the blame was placed on the laziness and lack of thrift of the labourers.

This report is fascinating insight into a class of Irish life that was slowly disappearing which is already evident from the evidence supplied. The large area covered makes it particularly interesting, as the differing standards are all too easy to observe. This report offers a vital insight into the social and economic conditions of the country as it approached the 20th century.

This title is a DOWNLOAD. Please click the link on the receipt to initiate the download. If you would prefer a version on CD-ROM to be posted to you, please select the option below. It will cost an additional €6.00 (ex VAT) which includes all postage charges. 



Price:   €2.15 (€2.64 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union


CD-ROM version and postage (plus 6.00 ex VAT)  


Pigot's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1824, Leinster & Dublin sections Pigot's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1824, Leinster & Dublin sections

Ref: IET0001
ISBN: 1-84630-028-2

This is one of earliest full commercial directories of Ireland, and includes over 220 urban centres throughout the island. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, tradesmen, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland. There is a description of each Province and town as well. This was Pigot's much-expanded second edition (the previous version dated 1820) and is now extremely rare.

This title includes the Introductory sections, and the Dublin & Leinster sections only. 
Click here to buy the entire book

Price:   €12.26 (€15.08 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Samuel Lewis, Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 3 vols (1st Edition, 1837) Samuel Lewis, Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 3 vols (1st Edition, 1837)

Ref: IE0001
ISBN: 1-84630-000-2
Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland is the first detailed study of its kind for Ireland. It was published in 1837, before the Famine (1845-50), so it is very important for historians and genealogists of the early nineteenth century.

Lewis gives details about every parish, town and village in Ireland, including numbers of inhabitants, the economy, history, topography, religion and parish structures, administration and courts, schools, and much more. He also gives the names of the principal inhabitants (generally landlords, merchants and professionals).

This Dictionary is in four parts:

· Preface & Subscribers

· Volume 1: A-G

· Volume 2: H-Z

· Volume 3: Maps

The Maps are in full colour, making this source one of the most important for research on Ireland. 


Price:   €32.84 (€40.39 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Slater's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1846, Leinster & Dublin Sections Slater's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1846, Leinster & Dublin Sections

Ref: IET0006
ISBN: 1-84630-003-7

This superb book includes a full commercial directory for the entire country. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, trades, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland. Slater took over Pigot's important publication of commercial directories of Ireland, and this was the first instalment. It has almost twice as much detail as its predecessor (published in 1824), and is now an extremely rare item.

This title includes the Introductory sections, and the Dublin & Leinster sections only. 
Click here to buy the entire book covering the whole country.

Price:   €12.26 (€15.08 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland 1870: Leinster and Dublin Section Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland 1870: Leinster and Dublin Section

Ref: IET0096
ISBN: 1-84630-124-6

For those familiar with the study of Irish history and in particular Irish genealogy, directories such as Slater's are a vital research tool. Each town and village contained in the Directory is introduced by its geographical location in relation to its nearest railway station together with population statistics derived from the 1861 Census of Ireland as well as a brief geographical and topographical description. The Directory provides the names and addresses of the principal private residents, together with those engaged in commercial and agricultural activity as well as the presence and location of religious, commercial and public institutions.

This publication reproduces just the Province of Leinster & Dublin city sections of Slater's 1870 Royal National Directory of Ireland. This directory is one of only nine national directories for Ireland published prior to 1900 and an essential research tool for the study of Irish genealogy and history. 
Click here to buy the entire book covering the whole country

Price:   €16.38 (€20.15 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



Slater's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1881, Leinster & Dublin Sections Slater's Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1881, Leinster & Dublin Sections

Ref: IET0031
ISBN: 1-84630-035-5

This superb book includes a full commercial directory for the entire country. Organised by Province, and then town, it lists all the principal office holders, gentry, professionals, trades, hotels, schools, public institutions, churches, and even pubs for each town in Ireland.

This is the third edition of Slaters, for the year 1881, and contains 1,580 pages of information including a large-scale map of Ireland.

This title includes the Introductory sections, and the Dublin & Leinster sections only. 
Click here to buy the entire book covering the whole country.

Price:   €12.26 (€15.08 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union



The Agricultural Labourer: Ireland: Part 4 (1893) The Agricultural Labourer: Ireland: Part 4 (1893)

Ref: IE0036
ISBN: 1-84630-134-3
Number of Pages: 146
File Size: 115 Mb
Availability: Download or CD
downloadable now

Published by HMSO from evidence given to both house of Parliament in February 1893 by Assistant Commissioner Mr. Arthur Wilson Cox, the full title of this publication gives some idea as to its nature and scope:

'Royal Commission on Labour: The Agricultural Labourer. Vol. IV. Ireland, Part IV, Reports by Mr. Arthur Wilson Cox, (Assistant Commissioner) upon certain selected districts in counties Cork, Mayo, Roscommon & Westmeath'.

In fact, the information presented in the 146 page Report was taken from the Commission's Surveys of four Poor Law Unions, namely Wesport, Castlereagh, Skibbereen and Delvin and is one of a number of similar reports into the state of agricultural labourers that taken with the reports that covered the remainder of the county constitutes one of the most detailed investigations into the conditions of agricultural labourer in Ireland ever undertaken. The evidence presented in the Reports derived from a plethora of sources, which give both this and the Commission's conclusions great validity. Amongst the sources from which evidence was garnered were secretaries of local labour leagues, land agents and landlords, independent witnesses, Poor Law Union Guardians, parish priests as well as personal interviews by the Commissioner and his agents. These interviews included visiting labourers' cottages in each of the subdistricts of the unions surveyed and much of the firsthand evidence gathered revealed the depressing conditions experienced by the rural and urban labourer alike.

The scope of the Commission's inquiry was as far-reaching as were its final conclusions. The specific areas of inquiry for volume IV part IV were voluminous and taken with the conclusions covered 108 areas of specific enquiry. The main headings of the inquiry for part IV were as follows: Part I, which set out the conditions of the inquiry for part IV and included descriptions of the Poor Law Unions examined, money expended by the Unions, the general conditions of labourers, population, earnings, congestion and rates of emigration. Part II dealt specifically with the supply of labour and made inquiry into areas such as the impact of mechanisation, numbers employed in the past decade, employment of women and the efficiency of labour. Part III considered conditions of engagement and included inquiries into the effects of diet, tea and alchahol drinking and seasonal hours worked in all sectors of the rural economy. Part IV details wages and earnings of the agricultural labourer and under 25 subheadings analysis in considerable details wage as opposed to incomes in kind experienced in the four Unions visited by the Commissioner's of Inquiry. Part V examined the conditions of accommodation and part VI the types and usage of lands leased by the rural labourer. Part VII examined the role played in the rural economy by benefit societys and trade unions whereas part VIII reported on the relations between employer and employee. The report concluded in parts IX and X by comparing the overall conditions of agricultural labourers in the Poor Law Unions of Westport, Castlereagh, Skibbereen and Delvin with those in Norfolk and Suffolk, England.

These areas of inquiry differed only slightly from areas of inquiry conducted into the conditions of agricultural labourer in other parts of the country, but part IV did consider the most areas of agrarian society were examined by the Commission.

In short, the Commission probed into every conceivable aspect of labourer's lives and probably extended its scope beyond its original remit by inquiring into the conditions and circumstances of town labourers, miners and women labourers both town and country. Taken as a whole the 1893 Royal Commission on Labour provides provides some of the best social, economic and historical data available for the labouring classes of Ireland towards the end of the 19th century and will be a useful time for academics and those simply interested in the socio-economic conditions experienced by much of the population of Ireland in the 1890s.

This title is a DOWNLOAD. Please click the link on the receipt to initiate the download. If you would prefer a version on CD-ROM to be posted to you, please select the option below. It will cost an additional €6.00 (ex VAT) which includes all postage charges.

Buy the Compendium with all four volumes and save 12 



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CD-ROM version and postage (plus 6.00 ex VAT)  


Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland 1894: Leinster & Dublin city Sections Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland 1894: Leinster & Dublin city Sections

Ref: IET0080
ISBN: 1-84630-101-7

This publication reproduces just the Province of Leinster & Dublin city sections of Slater's 1894 Royal National Directory of Ireland. This directory is one of only nine national directories for Ireland published prior to 1900. Apart from the fulsome coverage given-over to Ireland's four major cities, Slater's also provides information on the principal private and commercial residents (including farmers) of the larger towns and villages. As a fully searchable CD-Rom, the publication of Slater's Royal National Directory of Ireland is an essential research aid that must grace the shelves of anybody interested in the people and institutions of Ireland. 
Click here to buy the entire book covering the whole country

Price:   €12.26 (€15.08 Including VAT at 23%) VAT is only charged on customers in the European Union


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